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sábado, 24 de outubro de 2009

A Cronologia do RAPMM 1788/2007

1788 The Rite of Misraim, was created at this time in Venice, under a license granted by Cagliostro.
1782 The Misraim Rite functions in the Greek island Zante
1796 The Misraim Rite functions in Venice
1801 Filalete Abraham brings over the Misraim Rite in Venice.
1810 This was brought to France by three Provencal brethren named Bedarride. There is a town just to the north of Avignon named Bedarrides.
1839 Establishment of Memphis Rite in Paris by Etienne Marconis.
1848 Arousal of Misraim Rite at the same time with the Venetian Republic promulgation (Rite had been reposed in the meantime).
1856 Establishment of a Sovereign Council in Alexandria with title “Great Orient of Egypt”. The Inauguration Charter by Marconis, gives all forces for the Sovereign Sanctum establishment. Grand Master is Marquis Joseph de Beauregard.
1856 [Memphis] Grand Heirophant Marconis set out [from France] for the USA, where on November 9th in New York he founded a Sovereign Grand Council of the 94°, with David MacLelland as Grand Master.
1861 Harry Seymour discharged MacLelland as Grand Master of the 'Sovereign General Council' of the USA.
1862 The Memphis Rite is absorbed by the Great Orient, Marconis abdicates while Joseph de Beauregard don’t concede his abdication nor the shrunk of the Degrees which misapplied in France.
1862 On April 30th Marshal Maignan, Grand Master of the French Grand Orient, addressed a proclamation to all bodies in his obedience with regard to a union of French Masonry. Due to a positive report from Razy, member of a Commission of Enquiry, the Rite of Memphis was united with the Grand Orient. The lodges of the Rite of Memphis constituted themselves under the control of the Grand Orient. In July the Grand Hierophant Marconis in Paris presented a 96° Warrant for America to Brother Seymour. This document was forwarded to the French Grand Orient and entered under the number 28,911 in its Great Sealed Book. [July 21st was given by Theodor Reuss and H.J. Metzger as the date of the O.T.O.'s foundation. On the basis of this warrant, the 'Symbolic Grand Lodge' of the Scottish Rite in Germany (AASR; 'Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite', of regular form with 33 degrees) - in other words Reuss - believed that he had the right to the first three degrees of the Scottish Rite of Cerneau. Harry J. Seymour was later struck off its list of members in good standing by the American Supreme Council, the ruling body of regular Freemasons the USA.To make the accord with the other grades of the Grand Orient simpler, the active ninety-five grades of Memphis in France were temporarily reduced to thirty-three.
1865 A new arousal of Misraim Rite (Rite has been reposed in the meantime).
1867 The Misraim Rite repose once again. Full of legality and in hand of the Grand Master Prince Halim Pascia, is formatted a Sovereign Sanctum as a Sovereign Provenance of Memphis Rite. The Sovereign Sanctum of France is resolving.
1868 Death of Marconis.
1869 Right after the Grand Master’s exile, the Memphis Rite reposes.
1869 America's Supreme Sanctuary broke with the French Grand Orient, because the latter had been granting lodge warrants in Louisiana without the Supreme Sanctuary's permission; Grand Master Seymour announced the division to the Grand Orient on March 20th. Since the death of the Grand Hierophant Marconis, in 1868, the 'Supreme Governership'of the Rite of Egypt had passed to the Marquis de Beauregard as chief. [On November 30th 1870 the 'Supreme Council 33°' of the AASR expelled John Yarker (1833 - March 20th 1913). He had held the authority to bestow the fourth to the thirty-third degrees of the irregular and reduced Rite of Memphis since August 24th 1871.
1870 The Great Orient of Egypt arouses by S.A.Zola.
1872 On June 4th the irregular American Supreme Sanctuary granted Letters Patent to John Yarker in Manchester, giving him permission to establish a Supreme Sanctuary in England and Ireland. [If the first three degrees were revived, it is not mentioned; see August 24th 1871. On October 8th this Supreme Sanctuary was definitively constituted at Freemason's Hall in London (the seat of the Grand Lodge of England); its Grand Master General was John Yarker. The new Sanctuary nominated General Garibaldi as an honorary member, at the same time proclaiming its friendly links with Sicily and Egypt.
1874 S.A.Zola takes Marconi’s place as a Grand Hierophant.
1876 Constitution of a Grand Symbolic Rite, the National Grand Rite of Egypt. S.A.Zola on the 25th of October assigned the 95ο 96ο degrees to Giuseppe Garibaldi by nominating him as Grand Master d’onore ad vitam of the Sovereign Sanctum of Egypt. On the 15th of November the Great Orient of Egypt testaments to Salvatore Sottile, Grand Master of the Great Orient of Palermo, a Sovereign General Council commendation chart for the administration of Memphis Rite in Italy and in Palermo’s dale.
1877 The National Grand Lodge of Egypt is independently established by giving rein to the Great Oriental of Egypt, which began the administration of all Memphis Rite symbolic degrees. 1880 The Sovereign Sanctum of Egypt reposes. All Workshops continue operations in the Grand Secret Temple.1881 Right after the Giuseppe Garibaldi’s election as a Global Grand Hierophant of the Sovereign Sanctum of United States, of England and Ireland, of Italy and Romania, Egypt crowned his legitimacy.
1883 S.A.Zola condescends and entitles as a heir, Ferdinando Francesco delli Oddi.
1890 Salvatore Sottile arouses Memphis Rite in Palermo and establishes as a Grand Master of Sovereign Sanctum for Italy.
1891 Gérard Encausse co-founded Martinism in France [3]. On June 24th 1901 Theodor Reuss received a Martinist warrant from Encausse; in the same year Encausse was granted letters patent by Yarker to open the Swedenborgian Lodge INRI, this warrant being renewed on March 20th 1906 [4]. On June 15th that year Reuss was made a Master Mason, and 'A.M. 5663 33°' in Emanuel Lodge Nº 1, by Max Scheuer (of New York, 33°, 90°, 96°, Grand Commander of the Rite of Cerneau from 1900-1904). Encausse belonged to the Sovereign Grand Lodge of England, as did the coroner William Wynn Westcott (1848-1925) and W.H. Quilliams (33°, 95°); Reuss however did not.
1900 Salvatore Mortorana establishes as a Grand Master of Sovereign Sanctum for Italy. Ferdinando Francesco delli Oddi is widely conceded as Grand Hierophant by the Grand Sanctums of United States, of England and Ireland, of Romania, Italy, Spain and Egypt. 1901 Paolo Figlia establishes as a Grand Master of Sovereign Sanctum of Italy.
1902 The [formerly] independent Rite of Misraim in France disappeared. John Yarker was Grand Hierophant, Oddis his successor [as universal Grand Hierophant]. [No. 0 of the Oriflamme of January 1902 makes no mention of Reuss as being in the English or Irish Grand Lodges in return for the founding of the German 'Holy Grail Lodge and Temple No. 15', part of Yarker's Swedenborg Rite. German Freemasons who wished to associate themselves with this lodge were supposed to make themselves known to Max Rahn, August Weinholtz, Franz Held, or Leopold Engel, according to the magazine]. The English Supreme Sanctuary constituted a German Supreme Sanctuary, and chose Theodor Reuss as its Grand Master. [This was on September 24th 1902. On the 27th of December 1903 Carl Kellner was appointed to the 33°, 90°, and 96° for England and Germany, and in 1904 he became 'Fraternal Representative' of the MM for America. Kellner's descendants have no documentation in their possession which would indicate whether Kellner was definitely a regular Freemason, in the sense of recognition by Grand Lodge in London. [6] Reuss's association with the Theosophical Society is described by Ellic Howe (September 20th 1910 - September 28th 1991), in an article in Theosophical History.
1903 Benedetto Trigona establishes as a Grand Master of Sovereign Sanctum of Italy.
1905 The Grand Master for Italy stepped down, and the Rite in Italy became dormant. Carl Kellner died on the 8th of June 1905 from a heart-attack, leaving his widow Marie Antoinette (originally from Trieste), and three children.On the 24th of November 1905 Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) and Marie von Sivers (1867-1948), became members of MM, and recieved a warrant to work the 30°, 67°, and 89° from Reuss on the 3rd of January 1906. On the 21st of June 1906 Reuss published the 'General Statutes of the O.T.O.' with the Lamen of the O.T.O. which Crowley later maintained [8] was wholly his own invention [9]. However this Lamen can already be found as part of Joseph Peladan's coat-of-arms in the 'Ordre de la Rose-Croix du Temple et du Graal' . On the 24th of June Reuss severed Memphis from Misraim, and made the 33° independent from both. In 1907 his young O.T.O. became known as the 'Union for International Reconciliation' (Bund für Internationale Versöhnung).
1906 The Memphis Rite reposes.
1908 Following a congress of Spiritualists at the temple of the 'Droit Humain' lodge [founded 1893] in Paris, the Rite of Memphis-Misraim was newly constituted in France. The constituting Letters Patent were sent to Berlin from England on June 24th; they were signed (as 'Peregrinos') by Theodor Reuss, who had travelled to Paris for this purpose. Grand Masters for France [on the 24th of June [11]] were Gérard Encausse "Papus" [33°, 90°, 96° [12]] and Charles Détré "Teder" [33°, 97°, X° [13]]. ["Joyous Jubilation Reigns in the Camp of the Martinists" [14]]. The Mother-Lodge of the Memphis-Misraim Rite in France was the 'Humanidad' lodge, formerly in communion with the Spanish Rite. [On March 15th 1908 Arnoldo Krumm-Heller received a warrant for Mexico from Reuss, and on April 7th the same year additionally obtained a licence for a Supreme Sanctuary for Chile, Peru, and Bolivia, equivalent to 33°, 90°, 96°. Hans-Rudolf Hilfiker, the highly conjectural later successor to Reuss in Switzerland, was mentioned on the front cover of the Oriflamme for December 1909 as an inactive Grand Inspector General. In the same number of the Oriflamme, Reuss announced an International Congress for Experimental Psychology to be held in Paris during
1910.Yarker disagreed with Reuss and Encausse's activities in France, and nominated George Lagrèze in their place on the 9th of September 1909.
1910 Eduardo Frosini, the Italian General Delegate for the Spanish Rite, founded the 'Rite Philosophique Italien' in Florence, devising seven grades for it, and uniting the Scottish, Memphis, and Misraim grades. [On the 21st of November 1910 Aleister Crowley was appointed to the 33° of the AASR; notwithstanding the fact that Yarker had been out of favour with the AASR ever since 1869.1911 The Romanian Grand Master Constantin Moriou, the oldest founder-member (77 years) retired from his office; I.T. Ulic was his successor. [In November 1911 the O.T.O. was mentioned for the first time in the French occult journal Initiation. Bricaud's Gnostic Church and Encausse's Martinism entered into union.On the 21st of April 1912 Crowley was elevated to the 33°, 90°, 95°, and X° for England and Ireland through Reuss. On the same day Reuss nominated Czesław Czyński "Punar Bhava" as X° for the Slavonic territories; [16] Czynski had been appointed by Encausse in 1910. Czynski was announced in the French periodical Mysteria (subtitled "the Organ of the O.T.O.") as the Legate of the Universal Gnostic Church in Russia [17]; he died in 1937. [18] On the 25th of October 1912 Frosini and Détré were made "gnostic legates of the Universal Gnostic Church". [19] The "first Grand Administrator-General" and "Past Grand Master" of the M.M. and O.T.O., Franz Hartmann "Emanuel", born on the 22nd of November 1838, died on the 7th of August 1912. The 'Jubilee Edition' of the Oriflamme appeared shortly afterwards; it contained many photographs of the protagonists, a 'History Lection' on the origins of the O.T.O., and included a contribution from the 'Mysteria Mystica Maxima' (Crowley's English branch) on sex-magic.
1913 On the 20th of March the Grand Heirophant John Yarker died. He was succeeded by Theodor Reuss. [20] After the death of Villarino del Villar, the Grand Master of the 'Spanish National Rite', this rite fused with the Catalonian 'Balearic Grand Lodge'. [Italy: after the death of Michele de Vicenzo Majulli (33°, 90°, 95°, VII°) [21] in the summer of 1912 Eduardo Frosini "Hermes" became 33°, 90°, 96° and VII° [22]. He had received MM-degrees already in 1909 by Yarker. Also in Italy Arturo Reghini "Maximus" (12th of November 1878 - 1st of July 1946) was made 33°, VI°, and G. di San Fortunato was raised to 33°, 90°, 95° and VII°. Frosini and Reghini are entered in Crowley's Golden Book which only contains entries from 1912 to 1917. Encausse made Czesław Czyński 33°, 90°, 96°, VII° and 'Legate of the Universal Gnostic Church' for Russia [26]. On the 20th of October 1913 Crowley was a founder-member of the 'Rite Philosophique Italien'. Reghini, of whom no more was heard to do with Martinism, was made VII° at the same time. Allegedly the Madrid Cardinal Mariano Rampolla di Tindaro (1843-1913), who was nearly elected as successor to Pope Leo the 13th, was a member of this Spanish O.T.O..
1914 The 'Rite Philosophique Italien' [founded 1910] was closed down by Frosini. [Reuss's Oriflamme published an historical summary of Leopold Engels' Order of Illuminati, as well as Crowley's 'Manifesto of the Mysteria Mystica Maxima', which was (with only trifling alterations) promulgated in 1919 as statutes of the O.T.O. with world-wide validity as Liber LII. Likewise Reuss again proclaimed the theme of the sexual act in his essay 'Parsifal and the Secret of the Holy Grail', and proposed his 'Plan of the New O.T.O. Temple' and its 'Cornerstone'.
1916 The French Grand Master [each country had its Grand Master] Gérard Encausse died on the 25th of October as a consequence of wartime illness [tuberculosis]. Charles Détré was his successor as Grand Master. In 1917 there appeared the Description and Constitution of the O.T.O. "Otherwise: The Hermetic Brotherhood of Light", and the "Message from the Master Thirion" (sic); a postal address was given at Lugano in Switzerland.
1918 On the 25th of September Grand Master Charles Détré died. During the war the Rite was concentrated in England, France, Germany, Romania, and Egypt. [Reuss supposedly granted a warrant on the 10th of November 1918 to Ida Hoffmann and Clara Linke: 33°, 97°, and X°.] 1919 A group of Masons belonging to the 'Rite Français' (Grand Orient), the Scottish Rite (Grand Lodge and Supreme Council), and at the same time the higher grades of the Rite of Memphis-Misraim, desired to revive the Memphis-Misraim Rite in France, whilst staying true to their obediences, with the object of working a purely initiatory Freemasonry. The 'Humanidad' Mother-Lodge was revived at Lyons in accordance with the 1908 [Reuss] warrant. Thus on the 10th of September Brother Joanny Bricaud was granted a warrant [through Reuss] to establish the French Sovereign Sanctuary of the MM [33°, 90°, 96°], and likewise on the 30th of September activated the French foundation of a "Supreme Grand Council of Confederated Rites, Early Grand Scottish Rite, Memphis and Misraim, Royal Order of Scotland" etc.) [In May 1919 Hilfiker was raised to 33°, 95°, and VII° for Switzerland through Reuss. Brother Thomson ratified the 33° on the 29th of August 1919. Joanny Bricaud augmented these offices to 90° on the 12th of May 1920. In July 1920 Reuss called a World Congress of Freemasonry in Zürich, and announced the "Structural Programme of the Gnostic Neo-Christian O.T.O.", but with which Reuss's experiment in gaining Masonic recognition for his O.T.O. and the MM completely foundered.]
1921 In Italy the M.M. was reanimated with the aid of an Egyptian warrant; G. Macbean was Grand Master in Palermo. Three Patriarchs, Giuseppe Sullirao, Giovanni Sottile and Reginald Gambier Mac Bean, aroused Memphis Rite in Palermo. Reginald Gambier Mac Bean establishes as a Grand Master of Sovereign Sanctum for Italy and for semi colonial territories.1921 [In July of this year Harvey Spencer Lewis (1883-1936) was made 33°, 90°, 95°, and an honorary member of the O.T.O.. On July 31st Carl William Hansen "Kadosh" recieved the 33° for Copenhagen from Joanny Bricaud, augmented by the X° from Reuss on September 3rd. In the same year Heinrich Traenker became 33°, 90°, 96° and X° for Germany. Later on Spencer Lewis too was raised to the 97°. Living at Cefalù in Sicily after April 2nd 1920, Crowley noted in his diary on November 27th 1921 that he had selected himself as OHO of the O.T.O..] In 1923 the Grand Heirophant Theodor Reuss (Peregrinos) died [without naming a successor, which threw the legitimacy of all succeeding organisations into question].
1923 Merging of Misraim and Memphis Rites by Edigio Allegri. Reginald Gambier Mac Bean passes all his powers to Marco Edigio Allegri via diploma.
1925 Because of Fascist government's laws in Italy, which prohibit Masonry, Edigio Allegri reposes the Rite intentionally in order to be aroused in henceforth expedient time.
1934 At the time of the foundation of the F.U.D.O.S.I., Freemasonry was condemned by the attending Orders as an atheistic organization and no Masonic Order would be admitted to the federation. One exception was made in favour of the Antient Rite of Memhis-Misraim, which was recognized as a spiritual Order not recognized by the other Masonic Obediences.
1945 Edigio Allegri unify the two Rites and creates the Ancient and Primitive Rite of Misraim and Memphis, establishes the Sovereign Grand Sanctum of Adriatic (Superum), the Sovereign Mystic Temple, the Superb Consistorium of 30ο 90ο degrees and the Sovereign Peristyle of Orphics.
1949 Edigio Allegri reposes the Rite and passed in the Eternal Great Pyramid. He chose Ottavio Ulderisco Zasio as his successor.
1966 Ottavio Ulderisco Zasio passed in the Eternal Grand Pyramid. He chose Gastone Ventura as his successor.
1971 Gastone Ventura arouses the Rite in all its Chambers.
1981 Gastone Ventura passed in the Eternal Great Pyramid. He chose Sebastiano Caracciolo as his successor. He is the current Sovereign Grand General Hierophant up to nowadays. 1989 Establishment of Ancient and Primitive Rite of Misraim and Memphis in Greece.
2007 The National Grand Master - National Grand Commander Triantafyllos Kotzamanis 33° 90° 96° passed in the Eternal Great Pyramid.2007 Establishment of Ancient and Primitive Rite of Misraim and Memphis in Romania by a Greek dignitary.
2007 Establishment of Ancient and Primitive Rite of Memphis and Misraim in Bulgaria from Italy.